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Ontario M1 Test – Rules 04

ON-MC-Rules-04

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Question 1
What is black ice?
A
Black ice is a frozen mixture of mud and snow covering the asphalt.
B
Black ice is the term given to recently-paved asphalt that is still wet.
C
Black ice is a mixture of snow and ice covering the asphalt.
D
Black ice is a thin layer of ice covering the asphalt.
Question 1 Explanation: 
Black ice is so named because the ice forms such a thin layer that it can't be seen even on the black aspalt. It builds everywhere, but especially on bridges. This happens because bridges are prone to severely cold air from below and the drastic drop in temperature causes a thin layer of ice to form.
Question 2
In case a need arises for a motorcyclist to stop the motorcycle while making a turn, the following process should be used:
A
The motorcyclist should only use the rear brakes.
B
The motorcyclist should use both the front brakes and the rear brakes simultaneously.
C
The motorcyclist should only use the front brakes.
D
The motorcyclist should quickly speed up to avoid other vehicles on the road, then pull over to the side of the road before stopping.
Question 2 Explanation: 
If a stop must be made during a turn, it is important to use both brakes. Remember to use all fingers to pull in the clutch and the front brakes so that there are no shudders and shakes. Downshifting can sometimes be used as an alternative as well.
Question 3
When approaching an intersection where the road is blocked with traffic, a motorcyclist should:
A
Stop before entering the intersection, waiting until traffic ahead moves on and the way is clear.
B
Move slowly into the intersection, and wait until the traffic ahead moves on before proceeding through the intersection.
C
Keep as close as possible to the car ahead to prevent other vehicles from entering the same lane.
D
Honk the horn to warn cars ahead to move on.
Question 4
What should a motorcyclist do if the motorcycle wheels begin to lock while braking?
A
Apply threshold braking.
B
Speed up by applying the throttle.
C
Employ the front brakes only.
D
Employ the rear brakes only.
Question 4 Explanation: 
Applying the brakes too hard and too fast can cause the wheels to lock. Threshold braking is a way to stop quickly without causing the wheels to lock. It involves applying both brakes at the same time, then quickly releasing before the point where the wheels lock up, then quickly repeating the process to enable the motorcycle to quickly and safely stop without locking the wheels.
Question 5
Unless otherwise posted, the maximum speed limit on 2-lane highways outside of towns, cities, villages or built-up areas is:
A
80 km/h
B
40 km/h
C
100 km/h
D
50 km/h
Question 6
Besides a properly-equipped motorcycle, what is required for a motorcyclist to tow a trailer?
A
A valid motorcycle license, a registered trailer, trailer plates and a trailer permit.
B
A valid motorcycle license.
C
A valid motorcycle license, a trailer permit and a registered trailer.
D
A valid motorcycle license and a trailer permit.
Question 6 Explanation: 
Special care should be taken when towing a trailer with a motorcycle. The trailer must have a mandatory white plate light, two red reflectors on the rear and a red tail light.
Question 7
How does driving over metal gratings, worn out roads or grooved pavement affect the driving of a motorcycle?
A
It creates a sense of loss of control over the motorcycle.
B
All answers are correct.
C
It results in a balanced and even driving experience.
D
It results in an airlifting experience.
Question 7 Explanation: 
Any time an uneven road surface results in a feeling of loss of control or shakiness, it is important to maintain a strong grip on the handlebars and avoid sudden movements or rash reactions.
Question 8
When entering a freeway, what is the right time to turn on the turn signal?
A
When the motorcyclist reaches the entrance ramp and the freeway traffic is able to see the turn signal.
B
The moment the motorcyclist reaches the acceleration lane and becomes visible to the other traffic on the freeway.
C
When the motorcyclist reaches the exit ramp, from where the turn signal is visible to the other traffic on the freeway.
D
Motorcyclists are not required to use a turn signal when entering a freeway.
Question 8 Explanation: 
It is important to ensure that you are clearly visible to all the other drivers on the freeway. Using the turn signal at the entrance ramp ensures that freeway traffic can see the motorcycle, and you, as early as possible.
Question 9
When a motorcyclist carries a passenger, the extra rider’s weight affects the motorcycle and…
A
Will result in the motorcycle reacting more slowly than usual.
B
Will help the motorcyclist to maintain better control and balance.
C
Will not have any affect at all on the motorcycle.
D
Will result in the motorcycle responding more quickly than usual.
Question 9 Explanation: 
The responsiveness of a motorcycle is directly related to the weight it is carrying. The heavier the passenger, the slower the vehicle will respond. Accelerating, turning, and decelerating will all be slower than usual.
Question 10
If the front tire blows out when on the road, a motorcyclist should…
A
Shift to the front as much as possible.
B
Shift to the right side as much as possible.
C
Shift to the back as much as possible.
D
Shift to the left side as much as possible.
Question 10 Explanation: 
Keep a firm grip on the handlebars and steer properly while making sure you maintain your balance. The blown-out tire will make the steering seem weighed down.
Question 11
If the engine seizes while in use, what should the motorcyclist do?
A
The motorcyclist should turn on the four-way flashers.
B
The motorcyclist should apply the clutch in order to disengage the engine from the rear wheel.
C
The motorcyclist should downshift in order to slow the motorcycle down.
D
The motorcyclist should apply the brakes as hard and as quickly as possible, then pull over and stop.
Question 11 Explanation: 
A seized engine means the engine has frozen or become locked. There are usually some warning signs before this happens, so motorcyclists have some time to react before the engine seizes and the wheels lock. It is important to stop and pull over before that happens.
Question 12
A driver entering a highway via an entrance ramp must:
A
Use the appropriate hand signal, then take the right-of-way.
B
Signal and accelerate, then merge smoothly with highway traffic.
C
Honk the horn, then proceed with caution.
D
Signal and drive slowly in order to avoid an accident.
Question 13
Why are motorcyclists advised against shifting gears while turning? (Choose 2)
A
Shifting gears while turning can cause the rear wheel to lock if the downshifting is jerky; this can result in a serious accident.
B
Shifting gears while turning is safe as long as the motorcycle is moving quickly.
C
Shifting gears while turning may cause an increase in speed, which leads to loss of traction in the rear wheel, which can result in dangerous skidding.
D
Shifting gears while turning is safe as long as the motorcycle is moving slowly.
Question 13 Explanation: 
To avoid skidding, motorcyclists are advised to shift gears after completing a turn, not during it.
Question 14
In a situation where a number of motorcyclists are travelling with each other, in what way should they drive?
A
The motorcyclists should adopt a staggered formation.
B
The motorcyclists should drive next to each other.
C
The motorcyclists should drive one behind the other in a line.
D
The motorcyclists should drive next to each other, but in separate lanes.
Question 14 Explanation: 
A staggered formation allows motorcyclists to drive close to each other in a group but prevents them from driving too close or alongside one another. Using staggered formation, motorcyclists ensure they have enough room in which to safely manoeuvre.
Question 15
A highly skilled motorcyclist has which of the following qualities?
A
The ability to react properly, when prepared in advance to do so.
B
The ability to drive faster and at a greater speed than others on the road.
C
The ability to always drive at a lesser speed than other drivers on the road.
D
The ability to always be ready for the errors of the other drivers.
Question 15 Explanation: 
Being prepared for any kind of circumstance on the road is one of the biggest hallmarks of a skilled motorcyclist. The ability to anticipate and respond appropriately to dangerous situations is what separates good drivers from average and not-so-good ones. It is important to be able to anticipate and be ready for all suddenly-changing circumstances in order to respond properly. Anticipating dangers before they occur can also prevent panic and nervousness, both of which can further complicate situations where the motorcyclist already faces danger.
Question 16
To what style of driving does the phrase ‘staggered formation’ refer?
A
It refers to a group of motorcyclists driving slightly behind and in the opposite tire track to one another so that there is less risk to other drivers on the road or to the motorcyclists themselves.
B
It refers to a group of motorcyclists driving in different lanes of the road to maintain a lot of distance between the motorcycles so that there is less risk to other drivers on the road or to the motorcyclists themselves.
C
It refers to a group of motorcyclists driving at large distances from one another in order to increase the following distance between vehicles so that there is less risk to other drivers on the road or to the motorcyclists themselves.
D
It refers to a group of motorcyclists driving in a line one behind another so that there is less risk to other drivers on the road or to the motorcyclists themselves.
Question 16 Explanation: 
The first driver in a staggered formation should be in one tire track, followed by the second driver in the opposite tire track at a following distance of 1 second behind the first. The third driver should be in the tire track opposite the second driver at a following distance of 1 second from that driver, and so on for subsequent drivers.
Question 17
What should a motorcyclist do if the throttle becomes stuck while driving?
A
The motorcyclist should ease off the throttle, apply the clutch, wait for the bike to slow down and jump off when it is safe to do so.
B
None of the above is correct.
C
The motorcyclist should put more force on the throttle to increase speed, apply the clutch and use the kill switch to turn the engine off.
D
The motorcyclist should ease off the throttle, apply the clutch, and use the kill switch to turn the engine off once the bike has slowed down.
Question 17 Explanation: 
It is not safe to jump off a motorcycle when it is in motion. If the motorcycle is not equipped with a kill switch, pull in the clutch, maintain control of the bike until it comes to a stop, then switch off the engine. Braking can be used to help slow and stop the bike more quickly if it is safe to do so.
Question 18
What is required for a motorcyclist with an M1 license to carry a passenger?
A
A motorcyclist with an M1 license may carry a passenger only if the passenger has an M2 or full M license.
B
A motorcyclist with an M1 license is not permitted to carry a passenger under any circumstances.
C
A motorcyclist with an M1 license may carry a passenger if the motorcycle is properly equipped with a passenger seat.
D
A motorcyclist with an M1 license may carry a passenger if the passenger wears a helmet.
Question 18 Explanation: 
M1 drivers are barred by law from carrying passengers. Even M2 motorcyclists are advised to avoid carrying heavy cargo or passengers as much as possible.
Question 19
When a motorcyclist is in need of assistance, how should the motorcyclist alert other drivers on the road?
A
The motorcyclist should pull the bike off to the side of the road, and place his or her helmet on the ground, near the back of the parked motorcycle.
B
The motorcyclist should pull the bike off to the side of the road and ensure that the tail light is on.
C
The motorcyclist should pull the bike off to the side of the road and switch on the high beam.
D
The motorcyclist should pull the bike off to the side of the road and stand beside it with the engine running.
Question 19 Explanation: 
If it is necessary to pull off the road, be sure to park the motorcycle as far away from driving lanes as possible. The motorcyclist should move even further from the road if possible: standing right beside the motorcycle could be dangerous as sometimes vehicles parked alongside the roadway are sideswiped by passing traffic. Placing a helmet on the ground near the back of the parked motorcycle is a sign for assistance needed.
Question 20
If a motorcyclist decides to change to the left lane while driving, what should the motorcyclist do before changing lanes?
A
Signal, check left mirror, and do a shoulder check to make sure that all is clear and it is safe to change lanes.
B
Use the left mirrors to carefully check the left lane before changing to it.
C
Reduce speed, shift gears, then brake while changing lanes, to ensure that the vehicle in front is not hit.
D
Use the right mirrors to carefully check the left lane before changing to it.
Question 20 Explanation: 
Mirrors only give a partial view of the road; there are blind spots even with motorcycles. It is important to perform a shoulder check before changing lanes, even if the mirror suggests the lane is clear.
Question 21
Why should motorcyclists not share lanes with other vehicles?
A
In driving too close to other vehicles, motorcyclists put themselves at risk of collisions and accidents, so lane sharing should be avoided.
B
Both the second and the third statement are correct.
C
By driving close to other vehicles, motorcyclists can remain in the company of the rest of the traffic, which is safer, so lane sharing is actually a good thing.
D
Lane sharing is useful: two vehicles are more visible than one, so it is safer for motorcyclists to share lanes.
Question 21 Explanation: 
Traffic lanes are not meant to be used by two vehicles at the same time – there isn’t enough room. When two vehicles attempt to share lanes, they become too close to one another, increasing the risk of collision. Lane sharing should be avoided; motorcyclists are advised to maintain proper blocking position to ensure that other vehicles do not attempt to enter their lane.
Question 22
If the engine locks or freezes, what should a motorcyclist do?
A
Pull over and wait till the engine cools down before adding gasline antifreeze to it.
B
Pull over and fill the gas tank.
C
Pull over and add windshield wiper fluid.
D
Pull over and wait till the engine cools down before adding oil to it.
Question 22 Explanation: 
Motorcycles should be inspected before each use. Regular maintenance helps ensure safe operation of a motorcycle. Keeping the correct amount of oil in the engine is essential.
Question 23
At what level should cargo be kept on a motorcycle?
A
Cargo should be kept high to prevent a change in gravity and to avoid any interference with the motorcycle’s balance.
B
It doesn’t matter where cargo is placed, as long as the motorcyclist checks on it regularly.
C
Cargo should be kept low to prevent a change in gravity and to avoid any interference with the motorcycle’s balance.
D
None of these statements is correct.
Question 23 Explanation: 
Cargo must be secured in a low position. If cargo must be placed on both sides of the motorcycle, be certain to distribute the weight of the cargo evenly on both sides so that balance will not be affected.
Question 24
How often should motorcyclists check mirrors while driving on a freeway?
A
Every 15-20 seconds.
B
Every 5-10 seconds.
C
Every 2-4 seconds.
D
Every 1-2 seconds.
Question 24 Explanation: 
Frequent mirror checks enable motorcyclists to be aware of their surroundings, helping to ensure safer driving. Motorcyclists are permitted to drive on freeways only after acquiring the M2 license.
Question 25
A motorcyclist should keep the mirrors positioned in such a way that the motorcyclist can:
A
There is no need to use mirrors when driving in heavy traffic.
B
See as much as possible of the adjacent lane and a substantial part of the lane behind them.
C
See the lane next to them very clearly.
D
See the lane that is behind them very clearly.
Question 25 Explanation: 
Motorcyclists need to use their mirrors properly to ensure they are aware of their surroundings. Mirrors help motorcyclists see traffic around them, giving them greater safety. Motorcyclists should check mirrors every 5 to 7 seconds. Even after checking the mirrors, it is important for motorcyclists to do a shoulder check to visually confirm the traffic situation in advance of any action, be it turning, slowing down, changing lanes and so on.
Question 26
What causes wobbling in motorcycles?
A
Wobbling can be caused by loose wheel bearings.
B
Wobbling can be caused by loose spokes.
C
Wobbling can be caused by worn out steering parts.
D
All answers are correct.
Question 26 Explanation: 
If the motorcycle begins to wobble, do not accelerate. Maintain a firm grip on the handlebars and slow down steadily until it is safe to stop.
Question 27
What should motorcyclists take into consideration at railway crossings?
A
All answers are correct.
B
Motorcyclists should drive at an angle of 45 degrees minimum to parallel tracks running in their direction.
C
Motorcyclists should drive slowly, be careful, keep an eye on the surroundings, and note the signals, lights, gates and flag-persons (if present).
D
Motorcyclists should be alert on approach to railway crossings since specific vehicles are required to stop as part of company policy.
Question 27 Explanation: 
Railway crossings are potentially hazardous due to the fact that trains travel much faster than they seem, and cannot stop quickly. It can take 2 km or more for a train to stop even when brakes are fully applied. Never depend on a train to be able to stop on time to avoid you, and drive on only once the train has passed. Other hazards at railway crossings may include having to stop for other vehicles, and the loss of traction which can occur because train tracks are slippery at all times, and more so when they are wet.
Question 28
How far away from the closest gate or rail should a motorcyclist stop when nearing a railway crossing with a train approaching?
A
At least 15 metres away.
B
At least 5 metres away.
C
At a distance of 50 meters.
D
At least 1 metre away.
Question 28 Explanation: 
To ensure safety, always stop a good distance - 5 metres at least - from the train tracks when the barrier is down and/or the lights are flashing. Motorcyclists should never attempt to cross around or under gates that have been lowered for an approaching train. Motorcyclists must drive on only after the gates have been raised and it is safe to do so.
Question 29
If a motorcyclist misses the correct freeway exit, what should the motorcyclist do?
A
The motorcyclist should maintain freeway speed, continue driving, and take the next exit.
B
The motorcyclist should slow down, move onto the shoulder, turn the motorcycle around, drive back carefully along the shoulder and take the missed exit.
C
The motorcyclist should perform a u-turn on the freeway, carefully drive back, and take the missed exit.
D
The motorcyclist should slow down, move onto the shoulder, back up and take the exit ramp that was missed.
Question 29 Explanation: 
Stopping on a freeway is dangerous. Backing up or driving in the wrong direction is illegal, unless under the direction of a traffic officer. If an exit is missed, continue driving until the next exit, where it is safe to pull off the highway and plan an alternate route. In most places where there is an off-ramp, there is a corresponding on-ramp for the opposite direction, providing a safe way to travel back to the missed exit. Alternatively, local roads can be used to get back to the correct exit.
Question 30
How should you react if debris or some other flying object hits you? (Choose 2)
A
Stop and pull off the road at once.
B
Get off the road as soon as it is safe to do so.
C
Speed up to avoid other flying objects.
D
Maintain a firm grip on the handlebars and continue to look up and ahead while still on the road.
Question 30 Explanation: 
Even with protective headgear, motorcyclists can be distracted and potentially hurt by debris or flying objects. Be prepared and do not panic. Panic can cause motorcyclists to make potentially fatal driving errors. Maintain a firm grip on the handlebars, drive until there is a safe place to pull over and stop, then assess any damage.
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It is recommended that you take a practice test before you take the actual written test. Please note, however, that this is not the actual test, and you will not receive your license if you pass this sample practice test. If you’re getting your driver's licence, you’ve come to

Ontario M1 Test

If you want to make sure you get it right, Here are some simple things you can do to ace the written portion:

Get A Good Night’s Sleep – Taking a test is hard, and stressful. Chances are good that it might make it hard for you to relax. However, if you’re going to take your driving test, you need to make sure you get enough sleep before you do it. So avoid caffeine, don’t stay up late, and try to get all your Z’s in.

Don’t Focus Exclusively on The Driving Portion – Too often you’ll get caught up on the driving portion of a test, and you’ll neglect the written portion as a result. Remember, you need to pass both portions in order to get your license. So dedicate the proper amount of time to passing the pencil-and-paper test before you worry about getting behind the wheel.

This online Ontario M1 Test, with multiple choice questions, is intended to help you prepare for the Ontario M1 Motorcycle driver’s test that is required before you can get your Motorcycle driver’s license. This free practice written knowledge test is a lesson that is essential for getting your Ontario M1 driver’s license at your local licensing office.